The article today is inspired by my child’s question: “Dad, what is the biggest farm in the US?”. My answer at that time was just the Stewart & Lynda Resnick. But later that day, I have discovered many more which fulfill my curiosity.
This post today piles up with more in-depth information about the biggest US farms in specific products, including turkey, cattle, crop, solar, dairy, and more.
Please be aware that, the list is collected from valuable & latest sources for the date we publish this article (June 2021). We’ll try to update it once a year and note the date of the edition.
Table of Contents
- Top 9 Biggest Farms In The USA
- 1. Largest farm in the US: Stewart & Lynda Resnick
- 2. Biggest solar farm: Solar Star, California
- 3. Biggest cattle farm: Deseret Ranches, Florida
- 4. Biggest crop farm: Gaylon Lawrence JR
- 5. Biggest wind farm in the US: Alta Wind Energy Centre
- 6. Biggest turkey-producing state: Minnesota
- 7. The state produces the most pork: Iowa
- 8. The state produces the most chicken: Iowa
- 9. US largest dairy company: Dairy Farmers of America, Inc
- Final words
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Top 9 Biggest Farms In The USA
1. Largest farm in the US: Stewart & Lynda Resnick
- Farmland: 190,000 acres
Stewart Resnick is a serial entrepreneur who was famous for brands like the Franklin Mint and Teleflora. He has purchased 2,500 acres of fire-sale lemons and oranges in Kern County in the 1970s.
After that, he bought considerably bigger areas that were eagerly sold by businesses like Prudential Life and Mobil.
These days, the couple’s Wonderful Company, which worths up to $4 billion, provides a variety of high-quality, nutritious goods such as the Wonderful Almonds, Wonderful Pistachios, Wonderful Halos Mandarins, Resnicks’ FIJI Water, and POM Wonderful Pomegranate Juice.
2. Biggest solar farm: Solar Star, California
Solar Star, which was finished in June 2015, is the largest solar farm in the United States and also in the world. Located in California, the plant contains about 1.7 million panels that spread out across 13 square kilometers.
Solar Star farm is divided into 2 sections, which are the Solar Star 1 and 2. Solar Star 1’s capacity is 314MW and Solar Star 2 is 265MW. The entire farm generates a total of 579MW of electricity, which was enough to provide power for 255,000 households.
3. Biggest cattle farm: Deseret Ranches, Florida
Deseret Ranches is the biggest cattle ranch in America. The farm belongs to The Mormon Church in Florida, covering about 300,000 acres of land, over the Brevard, Orange, and Osceola Counties.
The first ideas of establishing this ranch were drawn up in 1949, and the first 45,000 acres of land were bought in 1950.
The ranch has a herd of 44,000 beef cattle and at the moment it is the most prolific cow farm in the US.
4. Biggest crop farm: Gaylon Lawrence JR
Gaylon Lawrence Jr. is the CEO of The Lawrence Group, which was established by his father. The Group manufactures a vast array of products, from banking and commercial real estate to agriculture.
The Lawrence Group’s agriculture division spans more than an area of 115,000 acres, from California to Florida, and a variety of other locations, particularly in the Delta.
They purchased a township along the Mississippi River’s Arkansas side in 2010. They spent about 110 million dollars to buy the Wilson family’s property, which encompassed considerably more than an old Tudor village along the Arkansas-Tennessee border.
Thanks to that decision, the Lawrence Group now has 42,000 acres of farming land, surrounding one of the biggest contiguous farmlands in the Delta – Wilson.
5. Biggest wind farm in the US: Alta Wind Energy Centre
This United States’ biggest wind farm is located in Kern County, California, with a capacity of about 1,550MW.
The power is all sold to Southern California Edison. Terra-Gen Power, the owner of the farm, has made a contract to sell electricity for 25 years to the power utility.
This wind farm is also known as Mojave Wind Farm and its operation began in 2011 with 5 units.
In 2010, Vestas, a Danish company that specializes in producing wind turbines, won a supply contract to provide the Alta project with 190 units of their V90-3.0 MW type wind turbine.
6. Biggest turkey-producing state: Minnesota
Minnesota produces the most turkeys in the United States with about 600 turkey farms at the moment.
According to the United States Department of Agriculture, Minnesota farmers produced 40 million turkeys in 2019, as well as 64 million chickens, along with 3.2 billion eggs from laying hens. In the same year, Minnesota’s economy received $995 million in sales from eggs, chickens, and turkeys.
Although Minnesota is the biggest turkey-producing state, the largest turkey producer company is Butterball LLC in North Carolina – the second biggest turkey-producing state.
Butterball LLC is a joint venture company of Maxwell Farms Inc. and Smithfield Foods. The company specializes in producing food products such as turkey, raw roasts, cured deli meats, salads, soups, sandwiches, and entrées.
7. The state produces the most pork: Iowa
Iowa is the leading pork producer in the United States. In 2020, there are 5,418 hog farms in Iowa, which made up to a third of the total number of pigs in the country.
At least 69% of the pigs in Iowa are raised in farms along with 5,000 or even more pigs, and 20% of pig farms located in Iowa have more than 5,000 units.
Pig farms in 5 counties (Plymouth, Hamilton, Lyon, Sioux, Washington, and Iowa) account for 25% of the state’s pig population.
Iowa butchered 39 million pigs in 2019, accounting for nearly a third of the total number of slaughtered pigs in the country during that year.
However, the biggest pork producer in America is Smithfield Foods, a company located in Smithfield, Virginia. This company produces roughly 18 million pigs yearly on their 2,100 contract farms and 530 company-owned across 15 states.
65% of Smithfield Foods’ farms are based in Missouri and North Carolina, with 139 farms in Missouri and 203 farms in North Carolina.
8. The state produces the most chicken: Iowa
Apart from being the leading pork-producing state in the US, Iowa is also the state that produces the most chickens and other poultry products.
In 2020, the number of chickens in Iowa ranked the highest in the country with 60 million. Indiana and Ohio are the second and the third, with about 44.5 and 43 million respectively.
Nevertheless, Tyson Foods – the biggest poultry producer in the US and worldwide is located in Arkansas, not Iowa. They are famous for not only chicken products but also beef and pork meat.
Aidells, Ball Park, Hillshire Farm, Jimmy Dean, State Fair, and Wright Brand are among the most well-known brands within the Tyson Foods umbrella.
9. US largest dairy company: Dairy Farmers of America, Inc
DFA is the biggest dairy farm company in the United States. It is a cooperative, which implies that all the 13,000 farmers who make up the group are co-owners. DFA facilities will process, package, and sell the milk produced by these farmers.
Some of their most well-known brands are Sport Shake, Plugrá Butter, Oakhurst Dairy, Live Real Farms, La Vaquita, Kemps, Keller’s Creamery Butter, Guida’s Dairy, Falfurrias Butter, Dairy Maid Dairy, Craigs Creamery, Cass Clay, Cache Valley, Breakstone’s Butter, and Borden Cheese.
Most of these brands source their ingredients from farms in the area that they serve.
The United States is one of the top countries producing the most agricultural gross value. The farming industry has flourished with over 2 million farms and diverse types of products.
If you think there are other farms that should be mentioned in this list of the largest farms in the US, please feel free to leave a comment. Thank you in advance!