How to Keep Chickens Warm in Winter WITHOUT Electricity

different chicken breeds together outside

As winter begins to take hold, many chicken owners are looking for ways to keep their chickens warm without relying on electricity. While you can use several methods, here we will outline the most common ones and how they work. Remember that each method has its benefits and drawbacks, so you must decide which is best for your flock. Read on if you’re looking to find out how to keep chickens warm in winter without electricity.

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Why Chickens Need Extra Warmth in Winter

Chicken in a green coop
Chickens are susceptible to cold weather just like everyone and everything else. Keeping them warm is essential to keep them healthy and happy.
Winter weather can be brutal on chickens. They are susceptible to frostbite and respiratory problems when exposed to cold temperatures, so it’s essential to take steps to keep them warm during the winter months. One way to do this is to provide them extra warmth by adding a heat lamp to their coop or simply giving them a space heater. However, if you don’t have access to electricity, there are still ways to keep your chickens warm. We’re going to give you a few ways how you can keep your chickens warm even without electricity. You can even use a few of these at one time to amp up the heat and ensure your chickens are warm. Read our related article, What Can I Use Instead of a Heat Lamp? These safe alternatives to heat lamps will keep your flock toasty in the winter!

Ways to Heat a Chicken Coop Without Electricity

Chickens are generally quite hardy birds, but they can struggle to keep warm in winter. If you don’t have access to electricity, how can you ensure your chickens stay comfortable? Here are a few ideas:

Insulate Chicken Coop

Insulating the chicken coop is probably the most popular and easiest option for keeping your chickens warm. Adding in extra bedding or foam, fluff, paper, and even blankets can help to keep your chickens warm. Pack the ground with bedding and filler so that your birds have a warm place to gather and rest at night.

How to Insulate a Chicken Coop

Line the floor of the coop with straw or hay. You can also add an extra layer of straw or hay to the nests to give the chickens a cozy place to sleep. Get creative and put blankets or insulation on the walls or ceiling as well for extra insulation. Overall, insulating the chicken coop isn’t difficult and can be the easiest way to keep your chickens warm during the winter.

Minimize Draft and Air Flow

chickens eating out of a chicken feeder
There are many ways to keep your chickens warm and insulation is the biggest one. However, there are a few other things that you can do to keep them warm with no electricity.
Cold winter air can be harsh enough for anyone to handle, but especially chickens. It’s important to leave good air flow but to also close up windows and other areas where high airflow and wind could travel. These cold winds are sure to make your chickens very chilly, especially during the night.

Keep Chickens Active

Keeping chickens active and running around can help to keep them warm. Obviously, this isn’t going to work at night, but during the day it can help their boredom to be active, plus keep them warm.

Heated Water Bowl

A heated chicken waterer is a good option if you’re looking for an all-day way to keep your chickens a little bit warmer. The heated water bowl warms the chickens’ water up so it’s at a comfortable temperature and doesn’t freeze over. Just be sure it isn’t too hot and clean it regularly.

Infrared Heat Lamp

Infrared lamps emit heat that penetrates the feathers and helps keep the chicken’s core body temperature warm. It’s essential for young chicks, which are not yet fully feathered and more susceptible to the cold. When used properly, an infrared heat lamp can be an effective way to keep your chickens warm in winter without electricity. Remember to use a battery-powered infrared heat lamp in order to have it operate with no electricity. Here’s a video going over the top 5 battery-powered infrared heat lamps for chickens:

Best Bedding Materials to Keep Chickens Warm in Winter

Keeping chickens warm in the winter is essential especially when chickens sleep, so warm bedding is key. Here are four bedding materials that will help do the trick.
  • Shredded newspaper: It is an excellent insulator. Chickens can burrow into it to stay warm. Just make sure to use thick, unbleached paper for insulation purposes.
  • Straw: This is yet another excellent insulator and can be used in the same way as a newspaper. It’s also readily available from most farm stores. Again, make sure to use a thick straw for optimal insulation.
  • Wood shavings: Wood shavings make an excellent bedding material and help keep chickens warm in winter. Shredded wood shavings will provide enough insulation for chickens to burrow into and stay warm. You can find wood shavings at most farm stores or online.
  • Pine needles: Pine needles make excellent bedding material and have the added benefit of being antibacterial. This means they can help prevent infection in any cuts or scrapes your chickens may have. Pine needles are readily available from most garden centers or online retailers.
These are just a few bedding materials that can help warm your chickens in winter. Using these materials can help you provide a comfortable environment for your chickens all winter long – no electricity is required! Read More: Do Chickens Sleep Standing Up? See how chickens spend their nights!


These methods can help you to keep your chickens warm during the winter without having to rely on electricity to provide the heat. Following one of these methods ensures that your chickens stay warm and lay eggs all winter. Let us know how these methods work out for you!

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