If you’re raising meat goats, you might be stumped as to which breeds to choose. Even though you can raise any goat breed to produce meat, certain breeds are selected because of their specific characteristics to produce high-quality meat.
Our article will suggest to you 15 best goat breeds for meat for your consideration.
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What are the best goat breeds for meat?
Among almost 600 goat breeds around the globe, we have selected the 15 most notable goat breeds for meat.
The origin of Boer goats is in South Africa and they were chosen because of their exceptional body shape, development rate as well as fertility. The large-framed creatures might be white and marked with reddish-brown patterns, or entirely red and marked with black, red, or brown patterns.
The horns of Boers are small and curled near their head. They are recognized for their docility and large, pendulous ears.
The Boer goats are disease-resistant and thrive in hot, dry & semi-arid environments. Their slaughter maturity is around 90 days when does weigh between 190 and 230 pounds and bucks weigh between 200 and 340 pounds.
Before the late 1980s, when Boers were available in America, Spanish goats set the standard for meat goat breeds, particularly in the South. They are descended from Spanish explorers’ goats when they made their way to America through Mexico.
They are slender and medium-sized, with typically short hair & various hues. The Spanish goats’ horns are long and often twisted. They are occasionally thought of as a goat category rather than a distinct breed.
In America, Boer goats have supplanted Spanish counterparts as the most popular meat goat, but they’ve discovered a new purpose which is eliminating invasive brush plants like buckhorn.
The Kiko goats were developed in New Zealand & imported to America in the 1990s. They are large creatures with a white coat, resilient, and able to survive in adverse environments.
Their bodies are compact, muscular, and their horns are dramatically spiraling, out swept. Kiko adult males develop quickly and can weigh up to 300 pounds. The goat breed likes rough grazing habitat and requires little attention.
Modern Pygmies are developed in West Africa and are generally kept as pets. However, they are potential meat goats due to their compact & meaty body and their fertility can be out of season. Pygmy goats have multiple litters per 9-12 months.
Does can reach between 50 and 75 pounds and bucks can reach between 60 and 86 pounds. They come in various solid colors & patterns.
Heat and drought are not a problem for this goat breed. They have a strong build and a white short-haired coat. Their cashmere undercoat helps them keep warm throughout winter.
Savanna goats are a wonderful choice for regions with challenging weather because they are very adaptable to a variety of environments. They make wonderful mothers.
6. Tennessee Fainting
The native Tennessee goats are also known as myotonic, nervous, wooden, or stiff leg goats. They have these nicknames because they become rigid & fall when being startled.
The Tennessee Fainting goats are a good choice because they are hardy, fertile, and have a lengthy breeding season.
Their coat is usually black or white, while its length can be either short-haired or long-haired. They’re medium-sized creatures, with bucks weighing up to 200 pounds.
Angora goats are generally kept for their fiber, though they also produce excellent meat and milk. Because skinning is required to obtain Angora goat meat, a majority of markets don’t consider them appropriate for meat production.
Angoras have a high capability to strive under various conditions. However, they may not be as well adapted to cold conditions as a majority of other meat breeds.
The goat breed is a wonderful alternative for meat in locations where the goats are relatively inexpensive.
8. Australian Rangeland Goats
They are also known as feral or wild goats in Australia. The Australian Rangelands are quite popular in Australia and exported around the globe as both meat & live goats.
These wild goats are descended from Angora & Cashmere goats. These robust goats have evolved over several years & are highly adapted to harsh settings. Because of their good adaptation, they have the main provider of goat meat all around the world.
Boer males and Australian Rangeland are crossbred to create fast-growing offspring for meat production in Australia.
9. Black Bengal
A Black Bengal goat is a hard-bodied, small-dwarf milk & meat goat. The goat breed is popular for its meat in Bangladesh & Northeast India.
They have a short-haired black coat, but other possible colors are brown, white, and grey. The Black Bengals have short eats and are bearded.
A mature buck weighs between 40 and 44 pounds, and an adult doe ranges between 34 and 40 pounds. Both bucks and does have horns that are approximately from 5 to 6 inches long.
Although the Bengals have a lower average weight than a majority of other meat breeds, their meat quality and ability to breed make up for the lack in size. In 2 years, the goats can give birth 3 times.
In the 1870s, the Nubian goats were created in England by breeding British does with African & Indian bucks to create a composite breed.
The goats can produce both meat and milk, even though they are far more well-known for their milk than their meat. It has been a crucial breed for increasing milk output and growth rates.
11. Sudanese Male Desert
Sudanese male desert goats are a popular meat-producing breed in Sudan. They can be found in the northern semi-desert areas of the country. The goats are utilized to produce both meat & milk.
Their meat is said to be more delicate and juicy than that of several domestic breeds common in the region.
These goats are a popular tropical breed that may be found in countries including Maharashtra – a populous state in India, Bangladesh & Pakistan. Punjab is home to purebred goats.
They have a convex face & a short, glossy coat. Their ears are long, droopy, and curled.
Often known as “the Aleppo”, Damascus goats are native to Syria. They are relatives of the Nubian goats raised for both milk and meat.
The Damascus are regarded among the Middle East’s best dual-purpose goat breeds. Both bucks and does have a reddish-brown colored coat with long hair & twisted horn.
Even though they are primarily dairy goats, they have also been utilized extensively in the meat industry.
14. Jabel Akhdar
The origin of Jabal Akhdar goats is Oman. They account for almost 20% of the entire goat population in this country. Regarding growth rate, carcass weight & bodyweight, they outperform other goat breeds in Oman.
The Jabal Khaddar goat meat is sold in most Middle Eastern nations.
The goats have golden-brown hair that is silky and medium in length. The majority of goats have medium-length twisted back horns, while some may lack horns.
The Jabal Akhdars are 115 cm tall on average. These goats have the biggest average body size among all breeds in Oman.
15. Kanni Aadu
They are tall goats native to Tamil Nadu districts, Ramanathapuram & Thirunelveli. The Kanni Aadu goats are often bred for meat consumption.
Adult females weigh between 55 and 66 pounds, while adult males weigh between 77 and 88 pounds. The goat breed can thrive in the country’s drought-prone zones.
Our article has provided basic information about the best meat goats for profit in the world for you. We hope that you can find the most suitable meat goats for your farm from our 15 recommended breeds.
Other quality meat-producing goats that can make it to our list include dwarf goats in Nigeria, Small East African & Galla goats in Kenya, and Khari from Nepal.